installing a linksys WNP54G wireless pci card in debian (etch)
by Anton Piatek
EDIT: try this way first! It is a hell of a lot simpler
I bought this card to avoid cables allover my house, and when looking at cards (it was quite cheap on dabs) did a quick search for linux support. Satisfied I bought the card.
Well, it turned up today and the reality was that installing the driver was a little harder than i thought…
At first i thought i was going to have use ndiswrapper and use the windows driver, but I didn’t like that idea, so kept searching. I eventually found that there is a real driver from ralink http://www.ralinktech.com/supp-1.htm
Getting it working though was not as simple as installing a package.
- I download the driver, extracted the tar and went into the module directory. Following the readme there to build the kernel module (I needed kernel sources and headers (apt-get can help you with that if you are on a standard kernel) as well as make, gcc etc.)
- That was fine, and insmod rt61.ko worked so next step was going to be getting my WPA encyption working.
- I installed wpa_supplicant, but found that I needed to patch it to make it support this driver.
- apt-get source wpa_supplicant; apt-get build-dep wpa_supplicant will get you the source and build dependencies.
- Following the patching instructions in the WPA_supplicant directory of the driver I downloaded, I patched wpa_supplicant (It would have been nice if they just gave a .patch or .diff file though)
- make worked fine, but I could not get dpkg-buildpackage to work as the patching failed. That is a shame, and I really should submit a patch to the wpa supplicant team for this driver so that this step won’t be required again.
- To get it working system wide I had to copy the three binary files from my wpa_supplicant build dir (wpa_supplicant, wpa_passphrase, wpa_cli) to /usr/local/sbin (that is where which wpa_supplicant said they should be)
- I had to edit my wpa_supplicant.conf (the default was fine, but I did have to copy out a lot of other definitions as it complained about them, and adding the wpa key was easy)
Loading by hand now worked, and I could now disconnect my network cable
insmod ra61.ko; wpasupplicant -c /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf -i ra0 -D ralink; ifup ra0 inet 192.168.1.2 up
- To make it work on boot I edited /etc/network/interfaces to add wpa_options so that ifup knows about them
I also needed to copy my rt61.ko from my driver build dir to my current kernel’s modules dir
cp rt61.ko /lib/modules/`uname -r`/kernel/drivers/net
- I also needed to add “alias ra0 rt61” to the end of my /etc/modutils/aliases file so that the system knows that ra0 is a rt61 device (make sure you don’t edit /etc/modules.conf as it is created by modutils and will just be overwritten on the next boot)
- I thought this should work, but instead /etc/init.d/networking restart complained that the ralink driver was unsupported. Turns out it uses a copy of wpa_supplicant in /sbin/
- After copying wpa_supplicant to /sbin/ it now works So what I really want is a debian package for the kernel module that will build and install the driver for me, and a copy of wpa_supplicant that supports this driver. I guess it is time to start investigating licences and emailing debian package maintainers and wpa supplicant developers…
Hope this helps somebody else, but drop me an email if you think I can help youtags: